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Thursday, January 25, 2018

Fiduciary Rule - Where do we stand in 2018?

By Cory Roberson, Principal at RIA Review and RIA Consults














Where do we stand on the Fiduciary Rule issue?

Many industry experts, including the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association (SIFMA) anticipate that the SEC will soon propose a new version of the Fiduciary Rule to replace the DOL’s controversial piece of legislation.  

In its own right, the DOL widened the scope of the definition of a ‘Fiduciary’ to all service providers of retirement plan accounts, covered under the Employee Retirement Income Securities Act (ERISA).  Similarly, the SEC will seek to redefine the role of a fiduciary to businesses under its jurisdiction (including investment advisors).  Let’s take some time to provide a refresher on the current Fiduciary Rule and its implications for advisors. 

Q.  What are Fiduciary Rule implications for advisors? 

A. The Fiduciary Rule is designed to protect retirement plan investors from excessive fees generated by the investment recommendations of advisors.  Under the rule, any retirement plan advisor deemed as a ‘fiduciary’ must: (1) address conflicts when making recommendations in select activity (prohibited transactions) and (2) avoid arrangements that could be construed as a conflict of interest. 

Q.  What if my firm wants to continue receiving compensation from retirement plan activity?

A. Under the rule, fiduciaries that continue receiving compensation from certain activities (including ‘prohibited transactions’) MUST file an appropriate exemption including: Best Interest Contract Exemption (BICE), Best Interest Contract Exemption Lite (BICE lite), or Principal Transaction exemption.   In addition, fiduciaries must maintain documentation to justify the exemption. 

Q.  What is the current status of the Fiduciary Rule in terms of the SEC Advisors Act?

A. Retirement plan fiduciaries, acting under the Advisor Act’s ERISA guidelines are already required to adhere to fiduciary standards (e.g. code of ethics and Prudent man rule).  Although an overlap exists in terms of fiduciary definitions, SEC (and state) regulators will likely impose additional requirements on advisors.

Q.  What is the current DOL and SEC Fiduciary Rule Proposal status?

A. In August 2017, the US Department of Labor (DOL) proposed an extension from January 1, 2018 to July 1, 2019 for the Fiduciary Rule’s Best Interest Contract (BIC) Exemption and the Principal Transactions Exemption, and certain amendments to Prohibited Transaction Exemption.
On September 2016, SEC Chairwoman Mary White announced that federal regulators will delay enforcing any additional Fiduciary rule requirements specific to advisors.  As of now, industry experts anticipate that new SEC Chairman, Jay Clayton, will propose his own version of the rule sometime during this transition period in 2018.

Q.  What types of fiduciaries must adhere to DOL standards?

A. Retirement Plan Advisors (compliance prep needed):

Type 1 – Advisors who are retirement plan fiduciaries, but do not receive commission-based compensation should make compliance adjustments by June 9, 2017. 
Most fiduciaries who accept fixed fee compensation only (% of AUM or flat fee structure) would fall under the category “BICE: level fee advisor designation.” 
Fiduciaries would need to consider BICE lite exemptions when engaging in transactions that could be deemed as prohibited. See operational processes below. 

Type 2 - Advisors who are retirement plan fiduciaries and receive compensation from certain commission-based products (e.g. 12b-1 funds, annuities), should make compliance adjustments by June 9, 2017. 
Advisors affiliated with wirehouses, brokers and custodians (e.g. agents/registered representatives) should have Fiduciary rule compliance procedures in place with those entities.
In light of this broad sweeping financial services-related regulation, additional procedures may not be needed if affiliated firm fiduciary rule protocol changes can also cover advisory firm activity.

A.  Non-Retirement Plan Advisors (no compliance prep needed):
Advisors who are not retirement plan fiduciaries, including services providers, are exempt from the DOL rule.  

Q.  What compliance adjustments should my firm make to adhere to DOL standards?
A. Compliance operational prep (steps to apply rule for fiduciaries):

Categorize products and services that may be scrutinized under the DOL Rule.

Review BICE/BICE lite or principal exemption status
Review communications/marketing/documentation sent to clients (e.g. goals, risk tolerance, compensation arrangements, designation of fiduciary status
Revisit compliance policies and procedures (current ERISA policy).
Avoid or disclose compensation that could create a conflict of interest.
Identify prohibited transactions (moving assets) and determine if exemptions are needed.




Our Mission: “Serving the Investment Community to Make a Social Impact”

Cory Roberson is Principal of RIA Review, a compliance and document management portal (www.riareview.com) - 110+ users and growing.  He is also Principal of RIA Consults -Roberson Consults Group), a consulting firm providing compliance, operations, and business development services for registered investment advisors and next-gen fintech entrepreneurs (www.riaconsults.com) more than 160 SEC & State advisors clients across the US (including a few in Europe).  His third platform, RegTech Review, a FinTech compliance portal site: (http://regtechreview.com) is currently in prototype stage.   

As a social entrepreneur, through his mission-driven arm SoCap Missions (http://SoCapmissions.com), he provides business support group sessions and has volunteered for more than 15 youth programs in locations such as S. Korea, China, S. Africa, Thailand, and India.








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